The advantages of arthroscopic procedures of knee
Arthroscopic surgical techniques that allow minimally invasive treatment of injuries and illnesses of joints have compared to traditional surgery several advantages. In knee, arthroscopy allows much more detailed and comprehensive review of all inner joint structures. Many of those in traditional surgeries are not even reachable to evaluate.
An important advantage of the arthroscopic procedure is minimal traumatization of the surrounding healthy tissues, which is associated with significantly less pain in the postoperative period, and hospitalization is not even required. All of the above advantages improve the functional results of surgical treatment, risk of postoperative complications such as excessive bleeding, infections of the joint and wounds, and excessive scarring. Nevertheless, due to the small skin cuts the cosmetic effect of the operation is also significantly better.
Indications of knee arthroscopy
• Acute and degenerative meniscal tears
• Intra-articular loose bodies
• Cruciate ligament injuries
• Initial degenerative changes in cartilage
• Cartilage injuries
• Problems associated with patella
• Chronic inflammation of the synovial membrane
Recovery from knee arthroscopy
Due to minimal invasiveness, the recovery from arthroscopic surgery is in many ways much faster than after classical surgery. After these types of operation there is less pain, in some cases, the joint function is rapidly regained. The actual recovery time depends on the type of the procedure; usually there is minimum recovery after partial removal of the damaged meniscus, and the longest in complex reconstructive operations on the knee ligaments. If degenerative changes are already present in the knee, this may contribute to a substantial extension of the recovery.
Immediately after the operation, it is necessary to cool the knee with ice several times per day, which reduces swelling and pain. Normally, immediately after surgery a full loading of the operated leg is allowed. At discharge, every patient gets individual instructions. On the first examination after surgery, an appropriate physical therapy program is prescribed; its execution time depends on the type of the procedure.